Multiple-mini interviews (MMI)

Multiple-mini interviews (MMI)are a series of mini-interviews that evaluate core skills and attributes required for success in the health profession you are interviewing for. Factors such as critical thinking, decision making, communication skills, interpersonal abilities, compassion, ability to work as team, etc. will be evaluated in a series of discrete short interviews with independent evaluators at each “interview station”.

August 3, 2022

The interview stations may require you to role play, answer a typical interview question, discuss your opinion or decisions about a scenario, work on a task with another person, or write within a specific time frame.  

There are variations of the MMI format depending on the school and program you are applying to. The number of stations, duration, types of activities can vary (writing, role plays, group interactions, direct question, etc.). The time frame for each mini-interview ranges from 5-10 minutes typically. 

Preparing for multiple mini-interviews

  • Gather information about the program via their website, talking to students or former students who have attended the program, and/or attending the school’s information sessions.  
  • Gather information about the “core competencies” and skills required of the profession.
  • This step will give you better understanding of what types of skills or attributes that might be evaluated in the interview.
  • Develop a “qualifications chart” – in in one column list the skills/characteristics expected/required and in another column list your corresponding “stories”, experiences, examples of when you have illustrated those skills/characteristics.  
  • Thinking about your “stories” with a Situation, Task, Action, Result approach helps you to organize your story for the listener. Think critically and introspectively about how you reacted, behaved, felt, and thought to gain greater consciousness of how you might then respond in a possible scenario or role play. 
  • This step will help to increase your self-awareness and prepares you to talk about yourself.  
  • Getting honest and constructive feedback from others on our strengths, weakness, communication style and “first impressions” is helpful for developing greater self-awareness.  
  • The more you know about how you “come across” or how your perspective or approach to situations differs, the more you can consciously respond during the MMI scenarios.
  • Get informed on current health issues relevant to the profession you are applying – ie. Multi-disciplinary teams, changing roles, health care system, patient rights etc.  
  • Practice articulating your reasoning and decision-making process in your response to ethical scenarios.  

Sample 1

1: Summary: provide a brief summary about your understanding of the question 

2: Identify the Key Issue (s): Explain the issues and/or major dilemma involved.  

3: Seek More Information: When the information is limited in the question, define the context of the situation to demonstrate that you stay open-minded, can discuss the answer from other perspectives and identify missing information.  

4: Action: Think aloud to show your critical thinking skills. Assess the possible courses of action and explain the pros and cons of each. Explain your preference.  

5: Take Initiative: Try and come up with practical suggestions to prevent the issue in the future. i.e. propose changes including policies, procedures, planning etc.  

Excerpt from: Multiple Mini Interview Questions Book, MSC Medical(2012), p.14-17. 

Sample 2

1: What general type of scenario does this MMI station fit into?  

2: What is the main problem or issue in this MMI station? 

3: What is the main source of the problem or issue in this MMI station? 

4: What personal experience do I have to include that is relevant to this MMI station? 

5: How would I resolve the problem or issue, taking into account my perspective and other perspectives for this MMI station?  

Excerpt from: MMI for the Mind, Kevyn To, MD (2013),  p. 16-19 

Additional resources